Term: Driveway

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Definition and Purpose of Driveways
– Private road for local access to structures
– Owned and maintained by individuals or groups
– Rarely have traffic lights
– Designed and decorated differently from public roads
– Not resurfaced, cleared of snow, or maintained by governments

Materials Used for Driveways
– Decorative brick
– Cobblestone
– Block paving
– Asphalt

Uses of Driveways
– Paths to garages, carports, or houses
– Access road to the house on large estates
– Serve multiple homeowners in some cases
– Small apron of pavement in front of a garage
– Parking cars to leave streets clear for traffic

Regulations and Restrictions
– Prohibition of parking on residential lawn areas
– Time restrictions on leaving vehicles on residential streets
– Local regulations on parking and standing of vehicles
– Specific restrictions in certain cities or areas
– Necessity of using driveways for compliance with regulations

Additional Information
– Residential driveways used for garage sales, car washing, repair, and recreation
– Related terms: access management, pavement, parkway
– References: Oxford Dictionaries, Township of Barnegat, Parking Enforcement & Restrictions, Transportation Division of Berkeley, CA
– Oversize load considerations for driveways

Driveway (Wikipedia)

A driveway (also called drive in UK English) is a private road for local access to one or a small group of structures owned and maintained by an individual or group.

Driveway to a farm
Driveway apron and sloped curb to a public street, all under construction

Driveways rarely have traffic lights, but some may if they handle heavy traffic, especially those leading to commercial businesses or parks.

Driveways may be designed and decorated in ways that public roads cannot because of their lighter traffic and the willingness of owners to invest in their construction. Driveways are not resurfaced, cleared of snow, or maintained by governments. They are generally designed to conform to the architecture, standards, and landscaping of connected houses or other buildings.

Some materials used for driveways include concrete, decorative brick, cobblestone, block paving, asphalt, gravel, resin-bound paving, and decomposed granite. These materials may be surrounded with grass or other ground-cover plants.

Driveways are commonly used as paths to private garages, carports, or houses. On large estates, a driveway may be the road that leads to the house from the public road, possibly with a gate in between. Some driveways may be designed to serve different homeowners. A driveway may also refer to a small apron of pavement in front of a garage with a curb cut in the sidewalk, sometimes too short to accommodate a car.

Often, either by choice or to conform with local regulations, cars are parked in driveways to leave streets clear for traffic. Moreover, some jurisdictions prohibit parking or leaving standing any motor vehicle upon any residential lawn area (the property from the front of a residential house, condominium, or cooperative to the street line other than a driveway, walkway, concrete, or blacktopped surface parking space). Other examples include the city of Berkeley, California that forbids "any person to park or leave standing, or cause to be parked or left standing any vehicle upon any public street in the City for seventy-two or more consecutive hours." Other areas may prohibit leaving vehicles on residential streets during certain times (for instance, to accommodate regular street cleaning), necessitating the use of driveways.

Residential driveways may serve as the place for conducting garage sales, automobile washing and repair, and recreation, notably (in North America) for basketball practice.


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